GCARD (credit: GCARD)
The CGIAR presented a draft version of its long-awaited mega-programmes, or thematic areas of work (TAWs) as they’re now being called, to GCARD this morning.
There are 8 TAWs and 3 ‘cross-cutting platforms’ that will be integral to all programmes—but the final numbers of both these may change.
TAW1: Agricultural systems for the poor and vulnerable
This will focus on ‘poverty hotspots’, looking at sustainable agriculture and food security, among other things. TAW1 is expected to improve the lives of more than 250 million poor people, with production increases of at least 10% over 10 years.
TAW2: Enabling agricultural incomes for the poor
The policies, institutions and markets required to boost rural incomes. TAW2 is expected to reduce the cost of taking goods to market by at least 20%.
TAW3: Sustainable crop increases for global food security
This will research options for increasing productivity of the three main cereal crops including identifying genes, accelerating the development of new varieties, improving crop management and supporting pro-poor policies. CGIAR estimates it will affect three billion people.
Gender is one of the cross-cutting platforms (credit: USAID)
TAW4: Agriculture, nutrition and health
This is expected to reduce malnutrition, micronutrient deficiencies, and foodborne disease.
TAW5: Water, soils and ecosystems
This is expected to improve access to water for productive purposes for 200 million people within 20 years; boost ecosystem resilience and reverse trends of water degradation.
TAW6: Forests and trees
This includes objectives such as harnessing forest ecosystem services for the poor. TAW6 should help reduce deforestation by 10% by 2030; reduce carbon emissions and increase the planting of tree genetic resources on 50,000 square kilometres of agricultural and degraded lands by 2030.
TAW7: Climate change and agriculture
This is expected to produce science-based vulnerability assessments and lead to better national and global policies for accessing and using adaptation and mitigation technologies.
TAW8: Mobilising agricultural biodiversity for food security and resilience
Research will include creating a broader range of tools in molecular characterisation and boosting the use of genetic diversity, among others. TAW8 is expected to increase agricultural productivity, broaden the coverage of gene collections and safeguard biodiversity.
CGIAR is also proposing three ‘cross-cutting platforms’ in:
1. gender in agriculture
2. capacity strengthening to promote learning and knowledge sharing; and
3. Strategic planning and intelligence
Commisioning editor, SciDev.Net