The energy part of the conference was launched this evening with the publication of a booklet for policymakers on ways to improve access to energy across Africa.
The booklet, Turning Science On: Improving Access to Energy in Sub-Saharan Africa, was launched by Roseanne Diab of the Academy of Science of South Africa, at an event attended by the country’s science minister, Naledi Pandor.
The report draws on a number of sources to sketch an overview of challenges facing the expansion of access to energy in Africa.
For instance, the 2010 report Energy Poverty, by the UN Development Programme and the International Energy Agency, says some 585 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa, or 70 per cent of the population, do not have access to electricity.
The policy recommendations include:
*State-owned power utilities are still dominant in the region and there is an urgent need for them to undergo governance reform as they are not performing well.
*Increasing private sector investment in the power sector is urgently needed. There are more than 40 Independent Power Producers across Africa that produce a total of 8,000 megawatts of power. Small independent producers must be encouraged to connect to the grid.
*The most effective way to increase electrification is to connect densely populated urban areas first and then rural growth centres where demand is expected to increase.
*Expanded regional electricity trade, where electricity generated in countries with relatively low costs of production from large hydro, gas and geothermal schemes is transmitted to countries where power is more expensive, would expand access to electricity.
The booklet will be published on www.assaf.org.za in the course of this evening.
Munyaradzi Makoni, freelance journalist for SciDev.Net